Montana Floods 2022

DID YOU KNOW? When flooding is imminent or predicted, National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policyholders are eligible to receive up to $1,000 to purchase loss avoidance supplies like tarps, sandbags, and more.

On June 14, 2022, Governor Gianforte’s office issued Executive Order No. 4-2022 declaring a statewide disaster due to severe flooding in Carbon, Park, and Stillwater counties, as well as flood warnings in other parts of the state.

On June 16, 2022, President Biden declared that a major disaster exists in the State of Montana and ordered Federal assistance to supplement State, tribal, and local recovery efforts in the areas affected by the flooding. The declaration provides for Public Assistance for emergency services, roads, and bridges.  The declaration does not authorize assistance to individuals as of yet through the Individual Assistance program.

Commissioner Downing recommends that any person who has sustained property damage to immediately contact his or her agent to identify whether they have flood insurance coverage. Property owners who have flood insurance should promptly begin the process to file a claim.

Any person who has sustained property damage and does not have flood insurance should contact his or her county’s emergency manager so their damages can be added to the damage assessment tally. Click HERE for Local Disaster and Emergency Services Contact Information. The assessments will be tallied for all affected counties and will be used to determine whether an amendment should be sought to the disaster declaration for individual assistance.

We encourage property owners to review the more general information below to identify steps they can take to document their damages and minimize their flood losses.  Our team is ready to assist property owners if they have any questions on filing a claim with their agent or insurance company or encounter any issues when dealing with their insurance company.



General Flood Information

Did you know most homeowners’ policies do not cover flood insurance? Unless you’ve specifically purchased flood insurance, you are probably not covered against flood losses. You’re not alone; most Montanans are not covered. The good news is that flood insurance is available in most parts of Montana through the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s National Flood Insurance Program.

Private flood insurance may be available and may be more affordable than National Flood Insurance. Contact your local insurance agent to learn more.

Additionally, our office maintains a current list of companies that sell private flood insurance in Montana. Call us at (406) 444-2040 for more information.

We get thousands of calls every year from Montanans with insurance questions. Here are the most common questions we get about flood insurance:

Flood FAQ’s

No. Flood damage is not typically covered by a homeowners insurance policy. 
Typically, no. In most cases, there is a 30-day waiting period from the time The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policy is purchased until you are covered. You can apply for the coverage even if your property is currently experiencing flooding, but coverage won’t go into effect for 30 days.
Not necessarily. Federal disaster assistance typically comes in the form of a low-interest loan to help cover flood damage, not compensation for your losses. Even then, those loans are only available if the President formally declares a disaster and must be repaid along with any existing mortgage. The year 2011 was rather exceptional in Montana with presidential disaster declarations in 48 counties and on five reservations.
The answer seems obvious, but here’s the usual definition for insurance purposes: A flood is an excess of water (or mud) on land that’s normally dry. The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) defines a flood to be a general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of two or more acres of normally dry land area or of two or more properties (at least one of which is the policyholder’s property) from overflow of inland or tidal waters; unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source; mudflow; or collapse or subsidence of land along the shore of a lake or a similar body of water as a result of erosion or undermining, caused by waves or currents of water exceeding anticipated cyclical levels.
 You must live in a community that participates in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) to qualify for National Flood Insurance. Find out here if your community participates in the NFIP. If you live in a community that participates in the NFIP, you can get flood insurance to cover your home or business, as well as much of its contents. Private flood insurance may also be available in your area. We recommend calling a local insurance agent for details about the availability of flood insurance available in your area.
Private flood insurance is purchased from your insurance agent or company and does not receive any backing from the federal government.
The cost of flood insurance varies by individual policy based on many factors — including elevation of the building. The average National Flood Insurance policy in Montana is $572 a year, based on 2011 data from the Federal Emergency Management Agency. Private flood insurance may be available in your area and it may be more affordable than National Flood Insurance. Check with a local insurance agent for details about insurance available in your area.
No. Flood insurance covers buildings and building contents only.
Most likely, yes. It’s a good idea to buy flood insurance — even if you live in a moderate or low-risk area. Many people are financially vulnerable to floods. People outside of high-risk areas represent over 20% of NFIP claims and receive more than one-third of disaster assistance for flooding each year. When it’s available, disaster assistance is typically a loan you must repay with interest. You may qualify for the Preferred Risk Policy (a lower-cost flood insurance policy) that provides coverage for contents beginning at $49 per year, with building plus contents coverage starting at $129 a year. Nearly half of the flood insurance policies in Montana are Preferred Risk Policies (based on 2012 data).
During a 30-year mortgage, you are 27 times more likely to experience a flood than a fire.
Under federal law, the purchase of flood insurance is mandatory for all federal or federally related financial assistance for the acquisition and/or construction of buildings in high-risk flood areas (Special Flood Hazard Areas or SFHAs).

The amount of flood insurance coverage required by the Flood Disaster Protection Act of 1973, as amended by the National Flood Insurance Reform Act of 1994, is the lesser of the following:

  • The maximum amount of NFIP coverage available for the particular property type;
  • The outstanding principal balance of the loan; or
  • The insurable value of the structure.

If the property is not in a high-risk area, but instead is in a moderate-to-low-risk area, federal law does not require flood insurance; however, a lender can still require it. It is also recommended since historically one-in-five claims come from these moderate-to-low risk areas. Please note that if during the life of the loan, the flood insurance rate maps are revised and the property is re-categorized into a high-risk area, your lender may notify you that you must purchase flood insurance.

The National Flood Insurance Program has an arrangement with private insurance companies to sell and service flood insurance policies. Use the agent locator at to find agents in your area who sell and service NFIP flood insurance policies. Also, private flood insurance may be available in your area and it may be more affordable. Check with a local insurance agent for details.

List of Licensed Montana Insurance Agencies who offer Flood Coverage through Lloyds of London
Agency Name Phone Number Website
HCIT Earthquake & Flood (406) 442-9555 ex. 102
Poulton Associates (801) 268-2600 
The Flood Insurance Agency (877) 356-6348 
WNC Insurance Services (800) 423-2497
Wright National Flood Insurance Services (702) 803-2040

Listed below are websites that offer a description of catastrophe-type coverage. These websites may give consumers an overview of a various type of policies that include other types of risks in addition to flood coverage, such as earthquake and landslides, in a single policy.

List of Licensed Montana Insurance Agencies who offer Flood, Earthquake and Landslide Coverage
Agency Name Phone Number City Website
Insurance Store (406) 778-2861 Baker
Agency Insurance Division (406) 993 9242 Big Sky 
ISU Insurance Services Streeter Brothers (406) 252-0551 Billings
Beard Insurance Agency Inc. (406) 294-9700 Billings
Peter Yegen Jr., Inc. (406) 252-0163 Billings
Darnielle Insurance Agency (406) 652-4180 Billings
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Billings 
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Billings
McHenry Insurance (406) 586-5075 Bozeman 
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Bozeman
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Bozeman
Broadus Insurance (406) 436-2608 Broadus
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Butte
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Choteau
Mandeville Insurance Agency, Inc. (406) 322-5361 Columbus
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Cut Bank
Clawson Insurance Agency, Inc. (406) 846-1411 Deer Lodge
Agency Insurance Division (406) 682 4202 Ennis 
Hagenston Insurance Agency (406) 377-3600 Glendive
Cascade Farmers Mutual Insurance Agency (406) 453-3923 Great Falls
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Great Falls
McMeel Insurance (406) 453-1580 Great Falls
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Great Falls
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Hamilton
Erickson Insurance Group (406) 265-1490 Havre
Bison Insurance, PLLC (406) 442-1414 Helena
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Helena 
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Helena
Hobson Insurance (800) 296-7985 Hobson
Best Insurance LLC (406) 755-8888 Kalispell
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Kalispell 
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Kalispell
Central Montana Insurance Center (800) 597-7135 Lewistown
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Livingston 
Key Insurance of Livingston, Inc. (406) 222-0944 Livingston
W A Mitchell Agency (406) 234-0280 Miles City
AAA MountainWest (866) 446-4524 Missoula
Bishop Insurance Service (406) 883-5372 Polson
Bishop Insurance Service (406) 676-5300 Ronan
Key Insurance of Roundup, Inc (406) 323-2055 Roundup
Leavitt Great West Insurance Services, LLC (877) 229-4553 Shelby 

You may also contact your insurance agent or company to find out more about federal flood insurance or find an agent serving your area by filling out the Flood Risk Profile.

Need more help?
Experience flooding? Call the FloodSmart hotline at 1-888-379-9531.
Insurance problems? Call us at 1-800-332-6148.